Housewives to Homicides (Week 8)

Housewives to Homicides

I’m a female, you may be male, gender-variant, or in the ever changing world today, you could possibly be anything you want! What we are in terms of gender is a representation that is culturally formed, though they exist on the basis of biological classification (Sukhmani, 2014). However realistic media images may seem, they never simply represent the world directly. Representations and the way an audience views subjects in the media are constantly under construction, therefore it is difficult to determine what is real and what isn’t.

Sukhmani (2014) defines stereotyping as “widely circulated idea’s or assumptions that exist about particular groups”. It allows us to create generalised perceptions of strangers based on our own learning’s, experiences and pre-conceived ideas. After studying BCM110, BCM210, and BCM310 its hard to go unnoticed, however many other people in society are completely oblivious!


Gauntlett (2007) explores the representation of gender in which the portrayal of females in the 1970’s rendered the roles of marriage, parenthood and domesticity, and who’s interactions were often concerned with romance or family. The 2011 YouTube video ‘Female Stereotypes in Disney Films’, showed in the week 8 lecture distinctly links to this concept, in which the time period reflects the stereotypical male and female characters of that era. These characters represented the subordination of stay at home mothers, whilst the male was the dominant provider who exercised control.

As I mentioned earlier, the media are constantly under construction. Does this mean that the portrayal of gender in the media has changed overtime? Gauntlett (2007) elaborates that now “men and women are seen as working side-by-side, as equals in television-land”. However, this theory of equality in today’s society is contested by modern forms of media.

This is evident in HBO’s latest drama “The Newsroom”, which blatantly use women as weak objects to portray male superiority. The show not only focuses on scenes involving men “setting women straight”, it is a pure example of gender stereotyping in modern society, in which roles of men and women are similar to those from the 1970’s (Ryan, 2012).


The 2014 “Bring Back Our Girls” campaign is a current example of the significant and worthy attention women require in the media today. Unfortunately on 14th April 2014, more than 200 Nigerian schoolgirls were abducted and sold for purposes of sex, slavery and marriage. Identifying that harm, rape, murder and kidnapping is what is required for females to break through the surface of gender stereotyping and be significantly presented in the media.

I would hate to see this lack of modification to gender-stereotyping continue, women should receive adequate media attention for achievements, accomplishments and triumphs!


Reference List:

Anne of Carversville, JPEG, Prettiest Boy in the world, accessed 28/04/2013,

Gauntlett, D 2008, ‘Representation of Gender in the Past’, in Media, Gender and Identity, Routledge Taylor & Francis Group, New York, pp. 46-61

Gauntlett, D 2008, ‘Representation of Gender Today’, in Media, Gender and Identity, Routledge Taylor & Francis Group, New York, pp. 62-98

Sara, M 2014, JPEG, Gender and Children’s Literature, accessed 28/04/2013,

Sukhmani, M 2014, Gender and the Media, BCM310 Emerging Issues in Media and Communications, University of Wollongong, delivered 28 April

The Guardian 2014, Bring back our girls: global protest over abduction of Nigerian schoolgirls, accessed 28/04/2013,

‘The Newsroom: Women problems abound in Aaron Sorkin’s HBO series’, Huffington Post, 7 February 2006, pg.1

Universomovie, JPEG, Bring back our girls campaign, accessed 28/04/2014,

YouTube 2013, The Newsroom-Occupy Wallstreet Video, accessed 28/04/2013,


Tomorrow Belongs To The People Who Prepare For It Today! (Week 7)

Media channels and sources of media change every single day, if we were to count the array of differentiated methods of the way we receive and search for information from our birth to today we can see that it has undergone significant change.

In the past, traditional news media caused significant problems for democracy. In the old system of news, we had a group of responsible gatekeepers who could force feed us the news they thought we should know, we trusted them because they were familiar brands with a track record (Rosential, 2013). One particular gatekeeper that I have studied numerous times over the course of my degree, is FOX News. Here we can see a direct link between a traditional news source that caused problems for democracy, based upon Chomsky’s ‘propaganda model’.

The model identifies five filters which allow us to determine how such a large mass media industry can exercise such substantial control over there audience (Mullen, 2010, pg.676). These include:

Size, Ownership, Profit Orientation:

  • Dominant media are large business, wealthy people, interlocked


  • Maintain audience flow levels, sustain ratings and revenue
  • Cultural-political programming

Sourcing Mass Media News:

  • Reliance on experts, need steady reliable flow of info, concentrate recourses


  • Negative response to statement or program, costly and uncomfortable, news management


  • Mobilise the populace, political control mechanism
  • Profound influence on mass media

However, what we can see in modern times is the power beginning to lie within the people, in which ‘what has disrupted us will now begin to save us’ (Rosential, 2013). We have evolved in terms of media channels and technological advancements, we have the ability to communicate more directly than ever before! The audience will determine the future of news, rather than news determining the future of the audience.

NowThisNews on Instagram

So, how does this relate to the five filters? Thankfully, the removal of filters has allowed consumers to source information and base it personally on our own behaviours. Being able to access news whenever we like, rather than traditionally consuming it in big gulps. The world is at our fingertips, we can search for what we want, when we want, as it has become conveniently fragmented to satisfy our own curiosities when they become apparent. Carr (2014) outlines specific modern news models that allow citizen journalism to take place, such as Huffington Post, BuzzFeed, and Washington Post. As a young adult however, I have been exposed to many applications such as Twitter, AlJazeera and Instagram.

The future of journalism is now becoming more of use to the user, but what will be next?


Chronicles of a Concrete Jungle (Week 6)

Art has become abundant all over the globe, in the form of sculptures, graffiti, constructions, the human body, music festivals and even forms that haven’t yet been discovered. But what does this mean in terms of correlating creative cities and public media spaces?

Our week 6 tutorial and blog presentation, really made me question the definition of a creative city. Can it be defined? or is it something that creates emotion or any sense of feeling in one individual? Thus, everything being labelled as art and/or a creative city.

O’Donnell (2014), suggests that art installations can tell a story quite directly, or somewhat ambiguously through associations and feelings. The type of art, observer’s knowledge and prior experiences shape the way virtuosity is narrated and interpreted. One particular city that I would label as creative and that generates positive feelings in me is the city of Melbourne, a metropolis that has used their artistic and everyday individuals creativity to generate the vast array of graffiti art on it’s streets, and practically all over it’s concrete jungle. By doing so, it generates a more dynamic public space, in which people come together and discuss their own ideas and opinions.


Melbourne has used the technique of aesthetic journalism, by “converting what they feel about nature and the human race into a concrete visual experience” (Cramerotti, 2011, pg.21). It is used as an alternative to stray away from traditional mainstream media, create different experiences and involve audience interaction.

Who doesn’t love food! The use of oral experience in Melbourne’s food festivals generates an even larger creative public space, telling stories through sustenance. It attempts to combine reality and our experiences in the real world, through using sight, taste, and smell.

For example, the use of texture and combination of flavours by Melbourne restaurant ‘Dessert Story’ has unruffled an experience that is full of curiosity. Don’t forget the setting and context, which makes you feel as though you are enclosed within a vintage library (My Broadsheet, 2014). I’m so glad that in today’s society, individuals and cities as a whole are allowing for creative expression and the ability of society to interpret stories from such things as art and food is a new journalistic technique.



Reference List:

Adobe Nordic, 2013, ‘Photoshop Live-Street Retouch Prank’, YouTube, accessed 11/04/2013,

Clarinna 2012, ‘Desert Story-China town’s new favourite’, weblog post, 1st April, accessed 11/04/2013,

Cramerotti, A 2011, ‘What is aesthetic journalism? In Aesthetic Journalism: How to inform without informing’, Intellect, London, pg.21

My Broadsheet, 2014, Desert Story, accessed 11/04/2013,

My Broadsheet 2014, ‘Desert Story Restaurant’, JPEG, accessed 11/04/2013,

O’Donnell, C 2014, Creative Cities and Public Media Spaces, lecture, BCM310 Emerging Issues in Media and Communications, delivered 7 April

The World and Then Some, 2014, ‘Melbourne Graffiti and Street Art’, JPEG, accessed 11/04/2013,

Visit Melbourne, 2013, ‘Insider Guide to Melbourne’s Food Scene’, YouTube, accessed 11/04/2013,



tweet, tweeting the future (Week 5)

We are the current generation, one of the generations who has seen the most technological and economical change in history, from the release of mobile phones to 3D televisions, we have seen it all! Much like us individuals, media companies have also been experiencing similar periods of decline, fluctuation and change, particularly in the way news is communicated today, as compared to a decade ago. This change in the journalism sphere has caused the convergence and adaptation to new forms of delivery, competition, migrating to the Internet and audience interaction as we have never seen before (consumer to prosumer). Which you can believe, has brought about ways to “do things differently” (O’Donnell, 2013).


Our response mechanisms and the ability for news to travel quickly through social media networks and news media applications has allowed for a more “innovative” approach to journalism, an increasingly “innovative” way to connect with individuals around the world, and a more “innovative” advancement towards audience and news interaction e.g. Facebook, Twitter, apple news applications, gaming etc. As humans have become more innovative in everyday life, journalism and media have adapted to suite the current wants and needs of civilisation.

Twitter, is a “social networking and microblogging service utilising instant messaging, SMS or a web interface” (Twitter, 2013). But how has this service become such a successful innovation of the journalism era, with only allowing the use of 140 characters per tweet? The Twitter platform allows journalists to freely express opinions, provide accountability and transparency and share user-generated content with followers (Lasorsa et. al., 2011, pg. 19). Funnily enough, there is a distinct relationship between Pavlik’s (2013, pg.187) four principles for successful innovation, which overall allow it to exhibit factors of commitment to freedom of speech, and dedication to the pursuit of truth and accuracy reporting.


“Tweet from News source, and audience feedback/opinion via. Twitter” 

Much like the art of journalism, we are constantly expressing our own thoughts and opinions on topics in the media via social networking sites, as well as our ability to “update everyone before it even gets to the news” (National Geographic News, 2013). This link between social networking sites and the four principles of innovation, such as freedom of speech, has lead to Twitter’s successful use for news content, the quick global spread of news, and audience feedback. Making it a core competency of future journalism, which makes it more applicable in today’s society than traditional.

Media outlets must come up with new ways of expressing journalism! If individuals can use 140 characters on Twitter to become successful, than news media can too!


American Against, 2013, Paranoid Psycho claims Boston Bombings False, accessed 04/04/2013,

Biz Building Strategy 2012, Using Social Media to Professionally Network, JPEG, accessed 04/04/2013,

Brian Solis 2013, Boston Bombings Tweet, JPEG, accessed 04/04/2013,

Gilgoff, D & Lee, J 2013, ‘Social Media Shapes Boston Bombings Response’ National Geographic News, accessed 04/04/2013,

Lasorsa, D 2011, ‘Normalising Twitter’, Journalism Studies, vol.13, no.1, pp. 19-36

Muslim Matters 2013, 3 Lessons for Muslim tweeters from the Boston Bombings, JPEG, accessed 04/04/2013,

O’Donnell, M 2013, The Future of Journalism, lecture, BCM310 Emerging Issues in Media and Communication, University of Wollongong, delivered 31/04/2013

Pavlik, J 2013, ‘Innovation and the Future of Journalism”, Digital Journalism, vol.1, no.2, pp.181-193

Twitter 2013, Outline company mission, accessed 04/04/2013,

YouTube 2013, Year on Twitter 2013, accessed 04/04/2013,